2018年8月9日 星期四

Newspapers in New York, Like Their Readers, Are Vanishing 紐約的報紙和讀者一樣,正在消失

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2018/08/10 第227期 訂閱/退訂看歷史報份
紐時周報精選 Newspapers in New York, Like Their Readers, Are Vanishing 紐約的報紙和讀者一樣,正在消失
The $3 Billion Plan to Turn Hoover Dam Into a Giant Battery 30億美元胡佛大壩變超大電池
Newspapers in New York, Like Their Readers, Are Vanishing 紐約的報紙和讀者一樣,正在消失
文/Andy Newman

Kenny Hospot is in some ways a typical reader of The Daily News. He's a construction worker from Queens who's lived in the city most of his life. He always liked reading the comics and the horoscope in The News.


How long since he last bought a copy of the paper? Hospot laughed. "I would say like 15 years."


Kamel Brown is another archetypal customer for New York's Hometown Newspaper, as The Daily News styles itself. He's a maintenance worker for the Metropolitan Transportation Authority. He's 55 years old. He grew up buying the paper for his grandmother in Brooklyn. "When she was finished reading it, I'd pick it up, flip back and start with the sports," Brown said.


He doesn't remember the last time he bought it. When he paged through a copy at a friend's home this past week, he was unimpressed.


Tristan Dominguez, on the other hand, is still a big Daily News fan. "It's the only place you see anything local," Dominguez said at a bodega in Washington Heights, where a stack of papers sat behind the counter.


He reads the paper mostly online and through Twitter.


All of this helps explain why there was an air of inevitability about the news Monday that the organization was laying off half its editorial staff.


Once upon a time, The Daily News sold more than 2 million papers a day. Now its circulation is only about a tenth of that, and the paper's non-hometown owner, the Chicago-based media company Tronc, which bought the paper in 2017, does not have the patience for non-profitability that the prior owner, Mort Zuckerman, did.


At a cultural moment when the very idea of New York City as a hometown is quickly dissolving, and when most people get their news from some sort of glowing screen, the thirst for local ink is not what it used to be.


And those who do crave hard-hitting coverage that holds officials accountable for the state of the city were not pleased to hear about the layoffs.


"You need those old-school people because they know what they're doing," Rosanne Nunziata, a manager at the New Apollo Diner in downtown Brooklyn, said of The Daily News' staff of veteran shoe-leather reporters, many of whom are now pounding the pavement in search of employment. "They know how to sneak in and get their stories, and know how to get witnesses to talk and do their thing."


The New York Post, The Daily News' longtime rival for tabloid dominance, has seen its circulation plummet, too. Rupert Murdoch, whose News Corp. owns The Post, has long tolerated the paper's unprofitability, but there may come a time when his successors have far less stomach for red ink.


The $3 Billion Plan to Turn Hoover Dam Into a Giant Battery 30億美元胡佛大壩變超大電池
文/Ivan Penn

Hoover Dam helped transform the American West, harnessing the force of the Colorado River — along with millions of cubic feet of concrete and tens of millions of pounds of steel — to power millions of homes and businesses. It was one of the great engineering feats of the 20th century.


Now it is the focus of a distinctly 21st-century challenge: turning the dam into a vast reservoir of excess electricity, fed by the solar farms and wind turbines that represent the power sources of the future.


The Los Angeles Department of Water and Power, an original operator of the dam when it was erected in the 1930s, wants to equip it with a $3 billion pipeline and a pump station powered by solar and wind energy. The pump station, downstream, would help regulate the water flow through the dam's generators, sending water back to the top to help manage electricity at times of peak demand.


The net result would be a kind of energy storage — performing much the same function as the giant lithium-ion batteries being developed to absorb and release power.


The Hoover Dam project may help answer a looming question for the energy industry: how to come up with affordable and efficient power storage, which is seen as the key to transforming the industry and helping curb carbon emissions.


Because the sun does not always shine, and winds can be inconsistent, power companies look for ways to bank the electricity generated from those sources for use when their output slacks off. Otherwise, they have to fire up fossil-fuel plants to meet periods of high demand.


And when solar and wind farms produce more electricity than consumers need, California utilities have had to find ways to get rid of it — including giving it away to other states — or risk overloading the electric grid and causing blackouts.


"I think we have to look at this as a once-in-a-century moment," said Mayor Eric Garcetti of Los Angeles. "So far, it looks really possible. It looks sustainable, and it looks clean."


The target for completion is 2028, and some say the effort could inspire similar innovations at other dams. Enhancing energy storage could also affect plans for billions of dollars in wind projects being proposed by billionaires Warren Buffett and Philip Anschutz.

But the proposal will have to contend with political hurdles, including environmental concerns and the interests of those who use the river for drinking, recreation and services.


In Bullhead City, Arizona, and Laughlin, Nevada — sister cities on opposite sides of the Colorado, about 90 miles south of the dam — water levels along certain stretches depend on when dams open and close, and some residents see a change in its flow as a disruption, if not a threat.




水壩(dam)指的是攔截江河水流的擋水建築物,主要功能是防洪發電,規模比reservoir(水庫)大,兩者一般都由utility company(公用事業公司)經營,而utility除了意指公用事業外,還有功用或是效用的意思,動詞形式則為utilize。

而文中片語turn into的意思為「把...變成...」,例如反敗為勝的英文就是turn defeat into victory,類似意思的片語還有make into、develop into、convert into與transform into等等。


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